They chose freedom

Federal law allows the CIA director to bring as many as 100 defectors a year into the country and to grant them immediate citizenship. The CIA takes care of several hundred past defectors--the exact number is a secret. All defectors sign secret contracts providing them with resettlement benefits that can include lump-sum payments, annual stipends and help with health insurance, housing and education.


  • Oleg Penkovsky 
  • Jerzy Suminski
  • Waldemar Mazurkiewicz
  • Henryk Bogulak
  • Zbigniew Byrski

more info


All rights reserved. VideoFact 1999 - 2003