Col. Ryszard Kuklinski
code name: Gull

6/13/1930 - 2/11/2004



Photo Krzysztof Langowski



Col. Ryszard Kuklinski, the Polish army officer who supplied the CIA of over 40,000 pages of Soviet secret military documents from 1972 until his defection in 1981. Over nine years of secret cooperation, Col. Kuklinski made 63 clandestine exchanges with the CIA inside Poland.

Since President Reagan ordered that the Pope receive relevant American intelligence, Washington handed over to the Vatican reports and analysis from Col. Kuklinski.

Colonel believed it was a STASI agent placed in Vatican, who found out about the reports from a senior member of the Polish general staff .

In the middle of the night of November 7, 1981 the CIA evacuated colonel, his wife and two sons from Warsaw and flew them to safety in the United States. The colonel's wife did not know about his cooperation with the US intelligence until that day.

The  documents detailed Soviet operational plans for surprise attacks on Western Europe, scenarios for a nuclear launch, specifications for more than 200 advanced Soviet weapons systems, and details of Soviet plans to impose Marshal law on Poland.

In 1992 Kuklinski said "In the beginning I asked myself if I had a moral right to do this [supply military secrets to CIA]. I was a Pole. I understood that Poles should be free and that the United States was the only country that might support the fight for freedom for Poland."

Col. Kuklinski paid very high price for his cooperation with the West.

In 1994, his younger son Bogdan and another man, both experienced  sailors, disappeared from the sailboat 70 miles from the Florida coast. The weather was good. There was no SOS call from the boat. The diving suits remained not used on the boat. The bodies were never found.

Half a year later, Kuklinski's other son, Waldemar, was hit by a car. The driver fled the scene, leaving no fingerprints inside the vehicle.

Colonel Kuklinski lived in the United States as an American citizen. Until three years ago he lived in the Seattle area.

On February 5, 2004 Col. Kuklinski suffered a stroke and was hospitalized. He died at a military hospital in Tampa on February 11, 2004.


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